Like all major scales, A major is defined by its formula and spelling:
With the A Major Scale there is a demand for 3 sharps, C#, F# and G#. This demand is made in order to preserve the proper relationship, and therefore sounds, between all scale members.
Using the trainer below, ytou can see that the A major scale is easily played by starting on the open “A” string and following the basic formula of half steps and whole steps. Practice this scale until you can slide up and down through the scale in an effortless, rhythmic fashion. If you have a keyboard, get to it now and play along, as you do, try to say or sing the solfege name of each note as you play.
A Major, Position One
A Major, Position One
Next, focus on the key of A major and its standard open position fingering pattern as it is routinely played and taught. As with the key of E, the key of A major serves as a natural point of reference and organization in any study of fingerboard mechanics. As your fingers learn their way across and through the pattern, make mental notes concerning the location of the 3 occurrences of the A root note. Play the scale ascending and descending as smoothly and rhythmically as possible, saying the solfege names of the notes as you work your way through the pattern. As you mouse over the diagram, explore the optional position II ‘speed’ fingering where you will use your first finger for both frets I and II.
Open A Major Training Exercises
Use the visualization exercises below memorize the fingering pattern for open position A major. There are three ways to study the animation; (1) simply watch the scale materialize, (2) play along watching the neck and (3) play along watching the printed music. As usual each note is sounded 3 times as it appears in the animation.
Next is the complete 2 octave fingering at a tempo of 120BPM, which is a little on the quick side. Use this drill until you are very comfortable at the tempo and can play the scale quickly and cleanly, using both of the suggested fingerings, from memory alone. Also make a mental note of what I have called the ‘lower extention’, shown in gray. It may be a stretch, but treat this exercise as if it were your favorite guitar solo.
Melodic Work: Devils Dream
In my system, any scale you learm must be translated into something musical. In this study you’ll be using the open A major scale to learn a beautiful and favorite flatpicking song (fiddle tune) called Devils Dream. This song is a study in the use of open strings and repititious phrases and chord tones. At a good many points during the song its easy to see a chord shape emerge from the pattern of single notes called for by the melody.
Through the use of the open strings (or optional fretted ones) found in the pattern, difficult lines are made easy. When learning these melodies you should keep in mind the fact that each new key you learn to play in is like its own little musical neighborhood. A unique neighborhood with it’s twist, turns and secret little pathways known only by frequent visitors. The open A major scale is no different in this regard as is illustrated in the diagrams found here. Two of the notes, high E (1st string open) and high B (2nd string open) each appear in two different locations in the first position. Having options for note locations makes playing certain passages easier.
Transposing Up One Octave
The A major scale in the open position is considered a root 5 scale pattern. The shape of the scale is best studied by transposintg the pattern up one octave in pitch. The resulting pattern, although very useful and interesting, is normally not thought of a first choice, or “go to” scale pattern. That beinfg said, this scale pattern is a necessary and vital part of this course and professional level guitar playing in general.
A Type Of Scale Pattern
Because this scale pattern contains so many out of position notes, traditionally only fingered with first finger stretches, another fingering pattern is preferred choice for a scale whose notes are working their way up the neck (higher in pitch), from a 5 string root note. That scale, which is the A Type of major scale pattern in this system, appears in the drill below.
Sliding Vs. Stretching
As many players do not like to play the D notes on the 10th fret of strings 1 and 6, finding it uncomfortable and awkward to stretch finger one back out position for so many notes, an alternate multi-position fingering is also popular. This approach puts the scale in position 11, with a sliding shift to position 12 -giving the first finger plenty of work. The fingering pattern has you sliding up one fret, to the 12th position, to accommodate the last few high notes in the scale. Many players find that making this one fret shift from position 11 to position 12 to be quite comfortable as the strong and nimble first finger one is the finger that is doing the work of the position shift. The diagrams below have these two fingerings indicated in white.
Transposition Trainer: Preferred Shape
In my system, I strongly prefer to use the first option discussed in this lesson, the scale pattern in which finger is stretched back one fret out of position, as opposed to using a scale pattern which makes me change positions. Use the trainer below to become comfortable with playing the preferred root 5 major scale fingering, the A Type, in different keys, sliding the scale pattern (shape) up and down the neck.
Included with this this lesson is a printed summary, deeper analysis and fresh perspectives on the key of A major. Open the printed study.